COVID-19 presents unprecedented risks to the rights and safety and development of children. World Day Against Child Labour 2020 calls upon countries and organizations to focus on the needs of the most vulnerable during crisis management and recovery.
“Children are used in some severe forms of child labor such as bonded labor, child soldiers, and trafficking. South Asian child laborers can be found in a variety of industries: the brick kilns, carpet weaving, garment making, domestic service, agriculture, fisheries, and mining.
In South Asia, child labor and exploitation are the combined product of many factors, such as poverty, social norms condoning them.”
The International Labor Organization adds some fascinating insight into the situation in South Asia.
- A substantial share of employment of 15-17 years old is hazardous in nature – 75 percent in Bangladesh, 72 percent in Sri Lanka, 41 percent in Pakistan, 30 percent in Nepal, 20 percent in India.
- On a global basis, there are 19 million children under the age of 12 involved in child labor.
- The majority of child laborers (71%) work in agriculture, although the number of children working in urban areas is increasing due to migration patterns.
- A total of over 24 million in the 7-14 years age group in three countries are out of school: India (12.3 million), in Pakistan (7.3 million) and in Bangladesh (4.5 million).
- About 85 million child laborers are in hazardous work, which jeopardizes the physical, mental or moral well-being of a child, either because of its nature or because of the conditions in which it is carried out.
International Youth Alliance for Peace is sharing the virtual campaign which is being organized jointly with the Global March Against Child Labour and the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture (IPCCLA).
If you represent an organization, put a link to the World Day 2020 campaign on your organization’s homepage. The link to share is: http://www.ilo.org/ChildLabourWorldDay